What is 5G technology - Learn more with us
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By Admin - September 11, 2017 10:45 pm   0   170   0

5th generation mobile networks or 5th generation wireless systems, abbreviated 5G, are the proposed next telecommunications standards beyond the current 4G/IMT-Advanced standards. 5G planning aims at higher capacity than current 4G, allowing a higher density of mobile broadband users, and supporting device-to-device, ultra reliable, and massive machine communications. According to the Next Generation Mobile Network's 5G white paper, 5G connections must be based on 'user experience, system performance, enhanced services, business models and management & operations'.

And according to the Groupe Speciale Mobile Association (GSMA) to qualify for a 5G a connection should meet most of these eight criteria:

  1. One to 10Gbps connections to end points in the field.
  2. One millisecond end-to-end round trip delay.
  3. 1000x bandwidth per unit area.
  4. 10 to 100x number of connected devices.
  5. (Perception of) 99.999 percent availability.
  6. (Perception of) 100 percent coverage.
  7. 90 percent reduction in network energy usage.
  8. Up to ten-year battery life for low power, machine-type devices.

Previous generations like 3G were a breakthrough in communications. 3G receives a signal from the nearest phone tower and is used for phone calls, messaging and data. 

4G works the same as 3G but with a faster internet connection and a lower latency (the time between cause and effect). 4G claims to be around five times faster than existing 3G services and theoretically, it can provide download speeds of up to 100Mbps.

Hubert Da Costa, Vice President, EMEA at Cradlepoint said: "5G Wi-Fi connections are set to be about three times faster than 4G, starting with 450Mbps in single-stream, 900 Mbps (dual- stream) and 1.3G bps (three-stream). So, whilst we are already starting to see a huge growth in IoT and smart devices, 5Gs speed and capacity will enable an even more rapid arrival of this connected future."

Speed of Networks

Network Type Download Speeds
3G Network 384Kbps
4G Network 100Mbps
5G Network 1-10Gbps (theoretical)


Advantages of 5G Technology

There are several advantages of 5G technology, some of the advantages are described below -

  • High resolution and bi-directional large bandwidth shaping.

  • Technology to gather all networks on one platform.

  • More effective and efficient.

  • Technology to facilitate subscriber supervision tools for the quick action.

  • Most likely, will provide a huge broadcasting data (in Gigabit), which will support more than 60,000 connections.

  • Easily manageable with the previous generations.

  • Technological sound to support heterogeneous services (including private network).

  • Possible to provide uniform, uninterrupted, and consistent connectivity across the world.


Disadvantages of 5G Technology

There are some disadvantages of 5G technology also, some of the disadvantages are described below -

  • Technology is still under process and research on its viability is going on.

  • The speed, this technology is claiming seems difficult to achieve (in future, it might be) because of the incompetent technological support in most parts of the world.

  • Many of the old devices would not be competent to 5G, hence, all of them need to be replaced with new one — expensive deal.

  • Developing infrastructure needs high cost.

  • Security and privacy issue yet to be solved.